Creation of world is an imagination of the mind. This delusion of the world is enacted by the mind and the mind alone. Mind is the world. The mind manifests itself as the external world. This universe is nothing but a mode of the mind, self-evolved from Brahman (Soul Consciousness), the cause of the universe. All the universes which appear only through Mind are no other than its modes. The mind is subjectively consciousness and objectively it is this universe. Hence, this all-pervading world is nothing but consciousness itself!
When we see a mango tree, it is external to us. There is externality. The mango tree is a mental percept. It is a mental concept also. There is no mango tree apart from the mind. We know the existence of the tree through the mind only. There is a mental image in the mind. The image in the mind plus the external something is the mango tree. Even if we close your eyes, we can get at the image through memory.
Our body also is as much external to us as that yonder mango tree. It is also a mental percept or mental concept. The mango tree is external to us with reference to our body only. The mango tree itself is a mere appearance that floats in the Absolute or the One Reality. As the mango tree is external to us from the standpoint of our body, and as the body itself is external to us, the idea of externality of the mango tree or this external universe is blown up now. The term internality also has a false existence only. There is internality only with reference to the externality. If the externality goes away, where is the internality? Both the terms internality and externality are mere illusions, creations of the mind. There is only the solid existence, the One Reality or Absolute behind the so-called internality and externality. That is the Real, Infinite!
The View of Modern Medical Science
According to modern science, light-vibrations from outside strike the retina and an inverted image is formed there. These vibrations are carried through optic tract and optic thalamus to the center of vision in the occipital lobe of the brain in the back part of the head. There, a positive image is formed. Then only, you see the object in front of you.
Perception According to Sankhya Philosophy
The real back-ground of perception is the Soul. Fleshy eyes are only external instruments for perception. Eye is not an organ of vision. The organ of vision is a center situated in the brain; so is the case with all senses. Mind is connected with the Senses, the Senses with the corresponding centers in brain and the centers, with the physical organs, to the external object. The mind presents the sensation to Intellect ; Intellect takes it to the Soul. Now, real perception takes place. Soul gives order to Intellect.
Then, Intellect, after proper decision and judgment and after taking into consideration the pros and cons of the subject on hand, gives orders back to the mind, for execution through the motor centers (organs of action). Intellect is the President and Judge who hears the statements of the Advocate, viz., the mind. Mind plays two parts, viz., (i) that of an Advocate and (ii) that of a Commander-in-Chief. After receiving decisive orders from Intellect, the mind acts the part of a Commander-in-Chief and executes the orders of Intellect through the five soldiers, the five Senses.
First of all, there is the instrument for instance, the fleshy eye. It takes the sense-impressions to the center. The mind is then connected with the center and the external instruments, namely, the physical eye, ear, etc. The mind carries the impressions still further and presents them to the Intellect, the determinative faculty, which reacts. Then flashes out the idea of egoism, which self-arrogates and identifies with lower self. Then the mixture of action and reaction is presented to the Soul who perceives an object in the mixture.
Knowledge comes through contact with objects. To know an object in the world, Senses, Ego and Soul are required. Senses will see the object. Mind will make it appear. Intellect, with the help of consciousness, will understand it. Mind, senses and the external instruments such as the physical eye, ear, etc., should all be joined together. Then only perception of an object is possible. The object comes in contact with the senses. The senses are linked to the mind. The mind is connected to the Soul. The Soul illumines. This is with reference to the physical plane.
Illustration of Perception
When you see a mango tree, it is external to you. There is externality. The mango tree is a mental percept. It is a mental concept also. There is no mango tree apart from the mind. You know the existence of the tree through the mind only. There is a mental image in the mind. The image in the mind plus the external something is the mango tree. Even if you close your eyes, you can get at the image through memory. The green color of the leaves is due to a certain rate of light vibrations (say, 10 millions of vibrations). These light vibrations strike at the retina and are taken to the vision center at the back of the brain. The mango-leaves have the power to split the white rays and absorb the green color only. So says science.
Your body also is as much external to you as that yonder mango tree. It is also a mental percept or mental concept. The mango tree is external to you with reference to your body only. The mango tree itself is a mere appearance that floats in the Absolute or the One Reality. As the mango tree is external to you from the standpoint of your body, and as the body itself is external to you, the idea of externality of the mango tree or this external universe is blown up now. The term internality also has a false existence only. There is internality only with reference to the externality. If the externality goes away, where is the internality? Both the terms internality and externality are mere illusions, creations of the mind. There is only the solid existence, the One Reality or Absolute behind the so-called internality and externality. That is the Real, Infinite. “I” is your own lower self.
Mind – Its Mysteries and Control by Sri Swami Sivananda
In oneself lies the whole world and if you know how to look and learn, then the door is there and the key is in your hand. Nobody on earth can give you either the key or the door to open, except yourself.
They say “know your enemy” I’d rather know my-self and perhaps as a consequence of this endeavor, I would have no need for enemies.
I was absent-minded; I did not hear. I was absent-minded; I did not see. It is thus evident that a person sees with the mind, hears with the mind. Desire, determination, uncertainty, belief, disbelief, steadiness, unsteadiness, shame, intellect, fear all these are in the mind alone. Therefore, when touched from behind, a person knows by the mind.
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, I-v-3
As one iron shapes another iron, the pure mind of a person which makes efforts in the virtuous path should correct and mold his impure mind. Mind is unfailingly rendered pure through true, virtuous and pure actions and constant association with the wise. Speaking the truth and practice of pure compassion are very great purifiers of mind. All lofty aspirations, all-embracing tendencies and pity will go a long way in increasing the Sattvic nature of the mind. The higher Mind is developed.
Sacrifice, gift, compassion, gaining true knowledge and speaking the truth: these five are purifying. The sixth is penance well-practiced. The last one is highly purifying.
Charity, Japa, Abstinence, Meditation, Fasting, Serving the saints are also tend to purify the mind. There will be, doubtless, unalloyed bliss in the mind thus purified. A Mantra purifies the mind. Mere repetition of a Mantra, parrot-like, has very little effect. It has some benefit. It must be repeated with feeling. Then it produces wonderful effects. The Mantra, unless inspired with the powerful will-force of ones own mind, cannot produce much effect.
Study of philosophical works, right thinking, exercise of good and noble emotions, prayers and beneficent endeavors and, above all, regular and strenuous meditation are the means to improve the mind. These will bring about the rapid evolution of the mind. When the mind is purified, a hole is formed in the center through which purity, light and knowledge flow from Brahman.
It takes a long time to effect purity of mind. Severe austerity is needed. As a result of purification of the mind, it becomes more sensitive, gets easily disturbed by a sound or shock and feels any pressure acutely. An aspirant must be sensitive and yet have the body and nerves completely under his control. The greater the sensitiveness becomes, the more difficult is the task; there are many noises which pass unheeded by an ordinary person, but which are torture to one who is very sensitive. You must do your best to get over this over sensitiveness.
Initiation of Pure Mind Leads to Quiescence
Purification is the first part of Yoga. When purification is over, the natural tendency of the mind is to go towards liberation, Moksha. If only a disciple whose mind is cleansed of all its impurities, is initiated into the sacred mysteries by a Guru, then his mind will get complete quiescence. He will enter into a Nirvana state.
Mind – Its Mysteries and Control by Sri Swami Sivananda