Science and Tamil – Part 2

Energy and Matter concept in formation of letters

The concept of Energy and matter is not new to us and does not start with Einstein’s days of E=mc2. Let us look at how our letters are formed from Aksharas then people would know that the concept of Energy and Matter is old as our language. In Tamil there are two kinds of Aksharas/Letters. They are உயிர் எழுத்து – Uyir Ezhuthu (Life / Energy letters – 12 letters) and ெமய் எழுத்து – Mei Ezhuthu (Body / Matter letters – 18 letters). Both put together it is 30 letter pack for Tamil as alphabets. Now both have to combine to give letters called “body with life” which are called uyir mei Ezhuthu. This combines to form 18*12 which is 216 letters as Uyir Mei Ezhuthu. For example க்+ அ = க in Tamil and क़ + अ = क in Sanskrit.

So the formation of letters itself is a science where Matter (Body) combines with Energy (Life) and then the living organisms (Body – life letters) are formed.

The following table lists vowel (uyir or life) letters across the top and consonant (mei or body) letters along the side, the combination of which gives all Tamil compound (uyirmei) letters.

Tamil Letters

In the above example க்+ அ = க, க் is the body and அ is life. So as per our language sciences be it Tamil or Sanskrit the matter is formed first and then the life came and attached to it. This is very well documented in Tamil scriptures as follows:

உடம்புடன் உயிர் வந்து ஒன்றுவது இயல்ேப – ெதால்காப்பியம் . This is over 2500 years old which states that life comes and joins a body in language and this is nature.

ெமய்ெயாளி உயிெராலி சிவணுதல் இயல்ேப – ஐந்திறம் (Aintiram). This is over 12000+ years old which states that same thing and adds that body is like light and life is like sound and they merge and this is siva’s nature. This certainly means that both Body and life are not formed at the same – as popularly believed. Life comes and joins the body to give a living being – in the above case the letters are the living beings.

Masculine and Feminine names based on ending letters

I am also going to give you as to how Indians distinguished masculine from feminine names. Kanchi Maha periyavar, the Sage of Kanchi had explained this beautifully in his “Arul Vakku”. I am giving a gist of it here just to conclude this:

Masculine names: All the names shall end with the phonetic a, im, in , ir, aha etc. Examples are Ram, Shyam, Raman, Kannan, Kishan, Vivek, Adam. So phonetically names like Catherine is a masculine name because it ends with “in” phonetically.

Feminine names: All names ending with phonetics aa, e, I, oo etc. Examples are Radha, Ramya, Savithri, Gayathri, Uma, Rosy, Isabella etc. Same way phonetically Joshua is a feminine name. Vishnu and Lalitha sahasranamam follows this rule and hence one invokes Shakthi as lalitha and the other invokes Purusha as Vishnu.

Just to conclude this part, I think we looked at how science is an integral part of our language formation and for us science has always been about the knowledge and nature of the space and we believed that space manifested itself as the physical world.

Source: Time = Space by Raguram Gopalan, http://ragsgopalan.blogspot.com

Science and Tamil – Part 1

One of the main reasons I believe as to why our wisdom has degraded so much in the last century is our ignorance and reluctance to learn our rich language. Our language offers richness not just in literary sense but is supremely scientific too. I am going to touch upon just 3 to 4 aspects of it which I knew and understand at a fundamental level and request you to learn your mother tongue well.

Vigyan / Vigyanam (விண் ஞானம்) means Science:

But most importantly I wanted to take the word called Science as meant in Tamil and Sanskrit. A word always can be broken down to its dhatus for its exact meaning in Tamil and Sanskrit. Some examples below:

Science in Tamil is Vigyanam and in Sanskrit is Vigyan. This is split as Vin and Gnanam / Gyan. Vin means space and Gyan means knowledge. Hence according to Indian system science means it is the nature / knowledge of the space. This has very deep significance since modern science has not agreed the existence of space for a long time and their gross and materialistic approach prevented them from seeing the most subtle component and its nature. We were masters of it ages back.

Universe is called as Brahmanda in Sanskrit. Brahma + Anda which literally means a big egg. This means we knew that the galaxy is elliptical in shape ages back and it required hubble in 1950 to tell us that.

Bhoogol means Earth (Study of) / Geography – This Splits as Bhoo +Gol. Bhoo means Earth Gol means round. We did not throw stones at a scientist as late as 17th century when he said that earth is round and not flat. We would have laughed our heart out and ignored him.

Be it the age of the universe, all of the astronomical measurements, health, spirituality etc, many of us need a proof in modern science to tell us that what we knew was right and they have certified it. When we decide to come out of this mentality then the process of reclaiming our rich heritage shall start.

Origin of Universe and linkage with Tamil:

The initial evolutionary process for the universe consisted of 5 stages states Aintiram. You can imagine that these are the movements of particles during the Big bang. They are அமிழ்தல், இமிழ்தல், குமிழ்தல், உமிழ்தல், தமிழ்தல்.

  • Amizhdal (Withdrawal)
  • Imizhdal (Overflowing)
  • Kumizhdal (clustering round in an order)
  • Umizhdal (Emitting)
  • Tamizhdal (resulting into a well defined form)

These are the first stages from the Big bang till a well defined shape is formed. Now the last level is called Tamizhdal which results in a well defined form. This state has emanated from the Pranava and not been created by some one. Hence a language as rich with the sweetness of inherent order, originating from the luminosity of the original particle is called Tamil. Tamil is word based on the final resultant state called Tamizhdal (தமிழ்தல்).

Source: Time = Space by Raguram Gopalan, http://ragsgopalan.blogspot.com