Human Body – 96 Basic Principles


Siddhars or Siddhas the spiritual scientists of Tamil Nadu (ancient South India) are the pioneers of this scientific system. Siddhas fundamental principles never differentiated man from the universe. According to them, “Nature is man and man is nature and therefore both are essentially one. Man is said to the microcosm and the Universe is Macrocosm, because what exists in the Universe exists in man.” Siddha system trusts that all objects in the universe including human body are combined of five basic primordial elements, namely earth, water, fire, air and space.

Siddhas defined 96 principles as the constituents of Human Being. They comprise Physical, Physiological, Mental and Intellectual mechanisms of a person. They are nothing but the materialization of the “Five Basic Elements “.

The human body is composed of 96 Tattvas (Thathuvam) or basic principles. They are…

Elements – 5
1. Earth
2. Water
3. Fire
4. Air
5. Space

Sense Organs – 5
1. Eye
2. Ear
3. Nose
4. Tongue
5. Skin

Functions Of Sense Organs – 5
1. Vision
2. Hearing
3. Smell
4. Taste
5. Touch

Motor Organs – 5
1. Hands
2. Legs
3. Mouth
4. Rectum
5. Sex Organs

Perception Of Senses – 5
1. Smell
2. Taste
3. Sight
4. Touch
5. Hearing

Intellectual Faculties – 4
1. Mind
2. Intellect
3. Subconscious mind
4. Ego

Arivu – 1 (Wisdom Of Self Realization)

Vital Nerve Force – 10
1. Idakalai
2. Pinkalai
3. Sulumunai
4. Siguvai
5. Purudan
6. Kanthari
7. Atthi
8. Allampudai
9. Sanguni
10. Gugu

Vital Life Force – 10
1. Pranan
2. Abanan
3. Uthanan
4. Samanan
5. Vyanan
6. Nagan
7. Koorman
8. Kirukaran
9. Devadhathan
10. Dhanenjeyan

Visceral Cavities– 5
1. Stomach
2. Small Intestine
3. Large Intestine Especially Rectum
4. Urinary Bladder
5. Seminal Vesicle

States Of The Human Body Or Sheath – 5
1. Physical Sheath
2. Mental Sheath
3. Respiratory Sheath
4. Intellectual Sheath
5. Blissful Sheath

Stations Of Soul – 6
1. Moolatharam
2. Swathistanam
3. Manipooragam
4. Anakatham
5. Visuthi
6. Aakinai

Regions – 3
1. Fire Region
2. Solar Region
3. Lunar Region

Impurities Of The Soul – 3
1. Egoism
2. Karma
3. Maya (Delusion)

Three Humors – 3
1. Vatham = Air + Space
2. Pitham = Fire
3. Kapham = Earth + Water

Physical Bindings– 3
1. Material Bindings
2. Offspring Bindings
3. Worldly Bindings

Cosmic Qualities – 3
1. Sattva (Pure)
2. Rajas (Passion)
3. Tamas (Ignorance)

Acts – 2
1. Good Acts
2. Bad Acts

Passions – 8
1. Desire
2. Hatred
3. Stingy
4. Lust
5. Pride
6. Internal Conflict
7. Mockery
8. Ego

States Of Consciousness – 5
1. Wakefulness
2. Dream
3. Sleep
4. Repose (Tranquil Or Peaceful State)
5. Insensibility To Surroundings

Next to the Tattvas the human body exists of 72000 blood vessels, 13000 nerves and ten main arteries. 4448 diseases can be caused by the imbalance of the three humors. Hope we learned something about our body! :)

Reference

http://www.siddhaquest.com/concepts.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_Body_%E2%80%93_96_Constituent_principles_or_Tatwas_of_Siddha_Medicine
http://www.squidoo.com/siddha-medical-system

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